Kontextabhängigkeit visuelller Wahrnehmung: Der Einfluss der aktuellen Befindlichkeit auf die Wahrnehmung neutraler Stimuli in free-viewing-tasks - Eine Eyetrackingstudie

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Titel: Kontextabhängigkeit visuelller Wahrnehmung: Der Einfluss der aktuellen Befindlichkeit auf die Wahrnehmung neutraler Stimuli in free-viewing-tasks - Eine Eyetrackingstudie
Sonstige Titel: Visual perception in context: Is viewing behavior in free-viewing tasks with neutral stimuli influenced by emotional state? - An eyetracking study
Autor(en): Hloucal, Teresa-Maria
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Peter König
Zusammenfassung: Objective: Saliency-based theories assume that stimulus features (luminance, edges, texture) shape the hierarchy of perception. Predictions about human viewing behavior point out that highly salient objects or regions of a picture will be perceived first (e.g. Itti et al. 2001). Not much attention is paid to top-down factors such as emotion, motivation and other cognitive functions. The present study analyses the influence of the emotional status on visual perception in free-viewing tasks. Following the hypotheses of the study even in artificial contexts such as viewing neutral pictures in an experiment, top-down factors, such as emotion might influence length of fixation and the number of fixations and saccades. Approaches of visual perception and perception in general should focus more on the individual cognitive aspects of this process. Method: In an eyetracking-study 91 participants viewed neutral and emotional relevant pictures without any task. Five emotional pictures (crime, murder, babies), which were taken from the IAPS (Lang, Bradley & Cuthbert, 2005) were followed by one neutral picture (forest, grass) taken from studies of Peters et al (2005) and Einhäuser et al. (2003). Altogether the subjects viewed 130 pictures. Results: There were significant differences in viewing behavior concerning the neutral pictures subject to the emotional condition. When presented in context with emotional pictures, neutral pictures were fixated longer and less frequently in comparison to the neutral condition. There is evidence to suggest that the emotional context influenced visual attention concerning the neutral pictures in that way that attention for the neutral material was reduced in the context of highly arousing emotional pictures. This leads to the conclusion, that even in experimental setups with simple neutral stimuli the process of visual perception is influenced top-down.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-201101177678
Schlagworte: saliency; visual perception; top-down; bottom-up
Erscheinungsdatum: 17-Jan-2011
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB08 - E-Dissertationen

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