Malliavin-Stein Method in Stochastic Geometry

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Titel: Malliavin-Stein Method in Stochastic Geometry
Autor(en): Schulte, Matthias
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Matthias Reitzner
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Giovanni Peccati
Zusammenfassung: In this thesis, abstract bounds for the normal approximation of Poisson functionals are computed by the Malliavin-Stein method and used to derive central limit theorems for problems from stochastic geometry. As a Poisson functional we denote a random variable depending on a Poisson point process. It is known from stochastic analysis that every square integrable Poisson functional has a representation as a (possibly infinite) sum of multiple Wiener-Ito integrals. This decomposition is called Wiener-Itô chaos expansion, and the integrands are denoted as kernels of the Wiener-Itô chaos expansion. An explicit formula for these kernels is known due to Last and Penrose. Via their Wiener-Itô chaos expansions the so-called Malliavin operators are defined. By combining Malliavin calculus and Stein's method, a well-known technique to derive limit theorems in probability theory, bounds for the normal approximation of Poisson functionals in the Wasserstein distance and vectors of Poisson functionals in a similar distance were obtained by Peccati, Sole, Taqqu, and Utzet and Peccati and Zheng, respectively. An analogous bound for the univariate normal approximation in Kolmogorov distance is derived. In order to evaluate these bounds, one has to compute the expectation of products of multiple Wiener-Itô integrals, which are complicated sums of deterministic integrals. Therefore, the bounds for the normal approximation of Poisson functionals reduce to sums of integrals depending on the kernels of the Wiener-Itô chaos expansion. The strategy to derive central limit theorems for Poisson functionals is to compute the kernels of their Wiener-Itô chaos expansions, to put the kernels in the bounds for the normal approximation, and to show that the bounds vanish asymptotically. By this approach, central limit theorems for some problems from stochastic geometry are derived. Univariate and multivariate central limit theorems for some functionals of the intersection process of Poisson k-flats and the number of vertices and the total edge length of a Gilbert graph are shown. These Poisson functionals are so-called Poisson U-statistics which have an easier structure since their Wiener-Itô chaos expansions are finite, i.e. their Wiener-Itô chaos expansions consist of finitely many multiple Wiener-Itô integrals. As examples for Poisson functionals with infinite Wiener-Itô chaos expansions, central limit theorems for the volume of the Poisson-Voronoi approximation of a convex set and the intrinsic volumes of Boolean models are proven.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-2013031910717
Schlagworte: Malliavin calculus; Malliavin-Stein method; Poisson point process; Stein's method; Stochastic geometry; Wiener-Itô chaos expansion
Erscheinungsdatum: 19-Mär-2013
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB06 - E-Dissertationen

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