Standardized mirror confrontation: Body-related emotions, cognitions and level of dissociation in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after childhood sexual abuse

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Titel: Standardized mirror confrontation: Body-related emotions, cognitions and level of dissociation in patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder after childhood sexual abuse
Autor(en): Borgmann, Elisabeth
Kleindienst, Nikolaus
Vocks, Silja
Dyer, Anna Sibilla
Zusammenfassung: Background: A criterion for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is the avoidance of trauma-associated stimuli that trigger emotional suffering. First studies on body image of patients with PTSD after childhood sexual abuse (CSA) support the hypothesis that awareness of the own body triggers emotional suffering. Methods: Body-related emotions, cognitions and level of dissociation of n = 17 patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for PTSD and n = 29 healthy controls (HCs) during a standardized mirror confrontation while wearing a standard bikini were assessed. Results: It was shown that expecting to be and while being confronted with one’s own body, patients with PTSD showed significantly stronger negative emotionality and cognitions as well as higher dissociative states as compared to HCs. Conclusions: Findings suggest that in patients with PTSD after CSA, one’s own body might function as a stimulus that leads to aversive emotional responses, negative cognitions and dissociative states. The elaboration of treatment for PTSD should consider these body-related aspects, e.g., by investigating the effects of body exposure.
Bibliografische Angaben: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation, 2014, 1:10 London : BioMedCentral, 2014
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-2016081114866
Schlagworte: Body image; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Childhood sexual abuse; Mirror confrontation; Emotions; Dissociation
Erscheinungsdatum: 11-Aug-2016
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB08 - Hochschulschriften

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