Organometallic Polymer - Graphene Nanocomposites: Promising Battery Materials

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Titel: Organometallic Polymer - Graphene Nanocomposites: Promising Battery Materials
Autor(en): Beladi Mousavi, Seyyed Mohsen
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Lorenz Walder
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Martin Steinhart
Zusammenfassung: Preparation, structural analysis, and electrochemical performance of a new cathodic battery material, consisting of a nanocomposite of poly(vinylferrocene) (PVFc) (Eox: 0.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO), are described. The nanocomposite shows the highest charge-discharge efficiency (at a rate of 100 A g-1) ever reported for any organic / organomatellic battery material. Remarkably, the composite is “thickness scalable” up to 0.21 mAh cm-2 (770 mC cm−2 at 29 μm film thickness) on a flat surface with > 99% coloumbic efficiency, exhibiting a specific capacity density of 114 mAh g−1. The composite material is binder free and the charge storing material (PVFc) accounts for > 88% of the total weight of the cathodic material. The secret behind such a performance is the electrostatic interaction between the redox polymer in its oxidized state (exhibiting positive charge) and the original filler i.e., graphene oxide (GO) with negative surface charge. This self-assembling step is analyzed by zeta potential measurements, and a modeling study confirms the experimentally found heavy polymer loading on the GO (in aqueous solution). The efficient self-assembly led to composites with high ratio of redox polymer / GO where all polymers are in close contact with GO sheets. The stable colloidal solution was casted on the surface of a flat current collector and the insulating GO was electrochemically transformed to conductive reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The GO / rGO transformation was catalyzed by methyl viologen dichloride (MV++) working as a redox shuttle (solublized in the aqueous electrolyte) and thereby accelerating the electron transfer to GO. Complete GO / rGO transformation and the quantitative ion breathing of the composite are found by means of electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance and electrochemical AFM.
Schlagworte: metallocene battery; composite
Erscheinungsdatum: 27-Jan-2017
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB05 - E-Dissertationen

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