Ab-initio Study of Semi-conductor and Metallic Systems: from Density Functional Theory to Many Body Perturbation Theory

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Titel: Ab-initio Study of Semi-conductor and Metallic Systems: from Density Functional Theory to Many Body Perturbation Theory
Autor(en): Yi, Zhijun
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Michael Rohlfing
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Jochen Gemmer
Zusammenfassung: Substitutional dopants in III-V semi-conductors, such as Si atoms in GaAs, are of great interest for the applications in transistors, Schottky diodes, and doping super-lattices which have been widely employed to control the electrical properties of semi-conductors. Although Si doped GaAs systems have been intensively investigated theoretically and experimentally in the last several decades, some properties are still debated. In order to give a further explanation of Si doped GaAs systems, we systematically studied DX center in bulk GaAs and in GaAs(110), as well as the relative stabilities of different charged systems for Si atom replacing Ga atom at the substitutional site near GaAs(110) surface from first principles ground state method. We show that DX centre is a metastable state in bulk GaAs and completely unstable in the top few layers of GaAs(110). When Si atom replaces Ga atom at the surface, Charge states have an important influence on the stability of the system, and the additional charge is mainly concentrated on the Si atom for charged system. In addition, we studied the STM images of clean GaAs(110) and charged Si:GaAs(110) by employing Tersoff-Hamann approximation. The calculated STM images are in good agreement with experimental results. We show that at the positive bias voltage the positively charged Si atom presents a bright feature while the negatively charged Si atom shows a dark feature. In a semi-conductor, all bands are either completely full or completely empty. It is well known that DFT underestimates the band gaps of semi-conductors, a simple rigid shift can be used to correct the band energies of semi-conductors. Unlike semi-conductor, the fermi energies of metals lie in some bands. Furthermore, it turned out that some noble metals such as Cu and Ag depend on the considered band and k point , therefore, the so-called scissors operator can not be used for the metallic systems. The most successful approach within theoretical method for these metals is the many body perturbation theory. On the other hand, an interesting study for metals is quasi-particle excitations, which play an important role in a rich variety of physical and chemical phenomena such as energy transfer in photochemical reaction, desorption and oxidation of molecules at surfaces, spin transport within bulk metals, across interfaces, and at surfaces. One of the crucial properties of quasi-particle excitation is their lifetimes which determine the duration of these excitations. We carried out the calculations of quasi-particle band-structures and lifetimes for noble metals Cu and Ag within the GW approximation. For Cu, both the calculated positions of the d bands and the width of the d bands is within 0.1 eV compared to the experimental results. For Ag, partial core correction should be included in the pseudo-potential to get reliable positions of the d bands. The calculated lifetime agree with the experiment in the energy region away from the Fermi level, but deviates from the experimental results near the Fermi level where short range interactions which GW approach fails to describe play an important role. For a better description of the lifetime near the Fermi level, higher terms beyond the GW approximation in the many body perturbation theory need to be considered. In addition, the image potential state lifetimes in Cu(100) have been calculated using GW approximation based on the localized Gaussian basis set, and the calculated n=1, 2 imagepotential state lifetimes are in good agreement with experimental results.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-201002115394
Schlagworte: Density functional theory; Many body perturbation theory; Semiconductor; Lifetime
Erscheinungsdatum: 11-Feb-2010
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB04 - E-Dissertationen

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