Faced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigm

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-202105204799
Open Access logo originally created by the Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Title: Faced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigm
Authors: Hartmann, Andrea Sabrina
Borgers, Tiana
Thomas, Jennifer Joanne
Giabbiconi, Claire-Marie
Vocks, Silja
ORCID of the author: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6251-3763
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2601-581X
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8498-9466
Abstract: Objectives:Cognitive biases, particularly attentional biases, have been shown to be central to anorexia nervosa (AN). This study looked at attention deployment when consecutively viewing an obese and own body stimulus that both might represent feared stimuli in AN. Methods: Individuals with AN (n = 26) and mentally healthy controls (MHCs; n = 16) viewed a picture of themselves and a standardized computer-generated obese body in random order for 4,000 ms each and then rated the attractiveness of the body parts of both stimuli. We compared dwell times on subjectively unattractive versus attractive body parts, and body parts that show weight status and gain most strongly (stomach, hips, thighs) versus least strongly. Results: For both stimuli, participants focused longer on the subjectively unattractive body parts (p < .01 and .001), with an even stronger attentional bias in individuals with AN regarding the obese stimulus (p < .05). Both groups also gazed longer at body parts indicative of weight status or gain (both stimuli p < .001), with no group differences. Conclusions: The attentional bias to one's own subjectively unattractive body parts might represent a mechanism maintaining body image disturbance in women in general. This attentional bias is even stronger when women with AN are confronted with an obese stimulus, highlighting a potential mental preoccupation with being fat or weight gain and a behavior distinct for the disorder.
Citations: Hartmann, AS, Borgers, T, Thomas, JJ, Giabbiconi, C-M, Vocks, S. Faced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigm. Brain Behav. 2020; 10:e01834.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-202105204799
Subject Keywords: anorexia nervosa; body dissatisfaction in women; body-related attentional bias; eye-tracking
Issue Date: 12-Sep-2020
License name: Attribution 4.0 International
License url: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type of publication: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [article]
Appears in Collections:FB08 - Hochschulschriften
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
brb_Hartmann_etal_2020.pdf452,63 kBAdobe PDF
brb_Hartmann_etal_2020.pdf
Thumbnail
View/Open


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons