Faced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigm

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dc.creatorHartmann, Andrea Sabrina-
dc.creatorBorgers, Tiana-
dc.creatorThomas, Jennifer Joanne-
dc.creatorGiabbiconi, Claire-Marie-
dc.creatorVocks, Silja-
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-20T10:51:40Z-
dc.date.available2021-05-20T10:51:40Z-
dc.date.issued2020-09-12-
dc.identifier.citationHartmann, AS, Borgers, T, Thomas, JJ, Giabbiconi, C-M, Vocks, S. Faced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigm. Brain Behav. 2020; 10:e01834.ger
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-202105204799-
dc.description.abstractObjectives:Cognitive biases, particularly attentional biases, have been shown to be central to anorexia nervosa (AN). This study looked at attention deployment when consecutively viewing an obese and own body stimulus that both might represent feared stimuli in AN. Methods: Individuals with AN (n = 26) and mentally healthy controls (MHCs; n = 16) viewed a picture of themselves and a standardized computer-generated obese body in random order for 4,000 ms each and then rated the attractiveness of the body parts of both stimuli. We compared dwell times on subjectively unattractive versus attractive body parts, and body parts that show weight status and gain most strongly (stomach, hips, thighs) versus least strongly. Results: For both stimuli, participants focused longer on the subjectively unattractive body parts (p < .01 and .001), with an even stronger attentional bias in individuals with AN regarding the obese stimulus (p < .05). Both groups also gazed longer at body parts indicative of weight status or gain (both stimuli p < .001), with no group differences. Conclusions: The attentional bias to one's own subjectively unattractive body parts might represent a mechanism maintaining body image disturbance in women in general. This attentional bias is even stronger when women with AN are confronted with an obese stimulus, highlighting a potential mental preoccupation with being fat or weight gain and a behavior distinct for the disorder.eng
dc.relationhttps://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1834ger
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectanorexia nervosaeng
dc.subjectbody dissatisfaction in womeneng
dc.subjectbody-related attentional biaseng
dc.subjecteye-trackingeng
dc.subject.ddc150 - Psychologieger
dc.titleFaced with one’s fear: Attentional bias in anorexia nervosa and healthy individuals upon confrontation with an obese body stimulus in an eye-tracking paradigmeng
dc.typeEinzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [article]ger
orcid.creatorhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6251-3763-
orcid.creatorhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2601-581X-
orcid.creatorhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8498-9466-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/brb3.1834-
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